measure


measure
{{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}}
noun
1 official action to deal with a problem
ADJECTIVE
appropriate, effective, necessary, practical

We urge you to adopt all necessary measures to guarantee people's safety.

key
extraordinary, special

We had to resort to extraordinary measures to find employees.

simple
desperate, draconian, drastic, extreme, harsh, radical, repressive, strong, tough
emergency, urgent (esp. BrE)
interim, short-term, stopgap, temporary
additional
defensive, precautionary, preventative, preventive
disciplinary, punitive
corrective, remedial
protective, safety, security

New security measures were implemented to prevent further violence.

conservation, control

Development of new water sources needs to be combined with conservation measures.

austerity, cost-cutting, economy (esp. BrE), efficiency
economic, policy
government
… OF MEASURES
package (esp. BrE), raft (BrE), range (esp. BrE), series, set (esp. AmE)

a package of measures aimed at cutting pollution

VERB + MEASURE
employ, implement, impose, institute, introduce, take, use

Special measures are being taken to protect the local water supplies.

The authorities are using increasingly repressive measures.

adopt, approve, enact, pass

The Committee unanimously approved the measure.

defeat, oppose, veto

The mayor threatened to veto a measure passed by the city council.

propose, suggest
MEASURE + VERB
be aimed at sth, be designed to, be intended to
PREPOSITION
measure against

tougher measures against racism

measure for

measures for reducing delays

2 amount/quantity of sth
ADJECTIVE
broad, considerable, fair, generous, great, significant, substantial, wide
PREPOSITION
measure of

He poured me a generous measure of gin.

PHRASES
in considerable, large, some, etc. measure

His success was due in large measure to your help.

in equal measure

He's been praised and condemned in equal measure.

in no small measure
3 unit of size/quantity
ADJECTIVE
accurate, direct, fair, objective, precise

This figure alone is not a fair measure of our success.

broad

GDP is considered the broadest measure of a country's economic activity.

indirect
important

The price of housing relative to income is an important measure of real income.

quantitative, statistical

They tried to formulate a quantitative measure of well-being.

standard, standardized

Higher scores on this standardized measure indicate greater creativity.

imperial, metric
behavioural/behavioral (esp. AmE), performance

Companies can use their stock price as a performance measure.

VERB + MEASURE
calculate, derive, obtain

This measure is obtained by dividing corporate profits by corporate bond yields.

provide

This figure provides an objective measure of risk.

PREPOSITION
measure of

an accurate measure of length

PHRASES
weights and measures
4 sign of sth
ADJECTIVE
crude, reliable, simple, true, useful, valid

A reliable measure of progress is whether your children can do something they couldn't do before.

important

Accepting the lower salary was seen as an important measure of commitment.

PREPOSITION
measure of

Landed income was the true measure of the gentry.

5 (AmE) in music ⇨ See also ↑bar
ADJECTIVE
first, opening

The band began playing the opening measures.

VERB + MEASURE
hear, play, sing

He placed his fingers on the keys and played a few measures.

PREPOSITION
measure of

the first few measures of Mozart's third violin concerto

per measure, to a/the measure

a steady rhythm of four beats to a measure

◆◆◆
NOTE: Weights and measures
 … of

I always drink gallons of water.

half a … , a quarter of a … 

half a pound of ham

a half/quarter hour, inch, mile, ounce, pint, pound

a quarter pound of cheese

cubic … , square … 

a maximum flow of 3 300 cubic feet a second

 … square

The room is about 25 feet square.

 … broad, deep, high, long, tall, thick, wide

The new dock was 230 m long and 92 m wide.

 … bigger, cooler, faster, heavier, lighter, slower

The climate was several degrees warmer than it is now.

about … , approximately … , around … 

1 kilogram = approx. 2.2 pounds

be … , cover … , measure … , span … , stretch (for) …  (used with measures of distance and area)

The National Park covers 3 000 acres.

The sandy beach stretches for over four miles.

be … , weigh …  (used with measures of weight)

She weighed over 200 pounds.

be … , last … , take …  (used with measures of time)

It takes approximately 365 and a quarter days for the earth to revolve around the sun.

in a … 

How many inches are there in a foot?

in … 

We were asked to estimate the temperature of the room in degrees centigrade.

to a/the … 

My car does 25 miles to the gallon.

a … , per … 

They're $4.50 a dozen.

ten ounces of platinum per ton of ore

by the … 

Apples are sold by the kilogram.

of … 

The path will be built to a width of two and a half feet.

 … in area, length, size, volume, weight

Killer whales are up to 30 feet in length.

 … by … 

a huge room measuring 50 m by 18 m

to the nearest … 

Give your answer to the nearest mile.

{{Roman}}II.{{/Roman}}
verb
1 find the size of sth
ADVERB
accurately, exactly, precisely, reliably
empirically, objectively, quantitatively

Education policy places too much emphasis on things that can be quantitatively measured.

carefully
directly

Any type of data that could not be directly measured was rejected.

indirectly
easily
experimentally
up

We need to measure up the room for a new carpet.

VERB + MEASURE
be able to, can

You can now measure its length more accurately.

be easy to, be possible to
be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to
PREPOSITION
for

She's being measured for her wedding outfit.

in

Cloth is measured in yards.

2 judge the importance/value/effect of sth
ADVERB
easily

The policy's impact cannot be easily measured.

effectively
objectively
VERB + MEASURE
can
be easy to, be possible to
be difficult to, be hard to, be impossible to

It is hard to measure the benefits to society of the system.

be used to

the criteria that are used to measure performance

PREPOSITION
according to

Is it really possible to measure the skills of such jobs according to objective standards?

against

The school's performance is measured against a strict set of criteria.

by

The policy's effectiveness cannot be measured by numbers alone.

in terms of

Success cannot be measured merely in terms of the size of your salary.

PHRASES
a method of measuring sth, a way of measuring sth
Measure is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑earthquake, ↑gauge, ↑index, ↑instrument, ↑plot, ↑researcher, ↑room, ↑test, ↑thermometer
Measure is used with these nouns as the object: ↑ability, ↑achievement, ↑activity, ↑angle, ↑blood pressure, ↑change, ↑circumference, ↑composition, ↑density, ↑diameter, ↑dimension, ↑distance, ↑duration, ↑effect, ↑effectiveness, ↑efficiency, ↑emission, ↑extent, ↑fitness, ↑flow, ↑frequency, ↑height, ↑impact, ↑incidence, ↑index, ↑intensity, ↑length, ↑level, ↑magnitude, ↑mass, ↑movement, ↑number, ↑outcome, ↑percentage, ↑performance, ↑productivity, ↑progress, ↑quality, ↑radiation, ↑radioactivity, ↑rainfall, ↑rate, ↑reliability, ↑risk, ↑size, ↑speed, ↑strength, ↑success, ↑temperature, ↑usage, ↑value, ↑voltage, ↑volume, ↑width, ↑worth

Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • measure — meas ure (m[e^]zh [ u]r; 135), n. [OE. mesure, F. mesure, L. mensura, fr. metiri, mensus, to measure; akin to metrum poetical measure, Gr. me tron, E. meter. Cf. {Immense}, {Mensuration}, {Mete} to measure.] 1. A standard of dimension; a fixed… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • measure — [mezh′ər] n. [ME mesure < OFr < L mensura < mensus, pp. of metiri, to measure < IE base * mē , to measure > MEAL1, Sans mātrā, a measure, Gr metron] 1. the extent, dimensions, capacity, etc. of anything, esp. as determined by a… …   English World dictionary

  • Measure K — is an ordinance put on the city of Santa Cruz s annual ballot on November 6, 2006. It s purpose was to give marijuana violations the lowest priority for local law enforcement. All other offenses besides adult marijuana offenses were put to a… …   Wikipedia

  • Measure — Meas ure, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Measured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Measuring}.] [F. mesurer, L. mensurare. See {Measure}, n.] 1. To ascertain by use of a measuring instrument; to compute or ascertain the extent, quantity, dimensions, or capacity of, by a …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • measure — ► VERB 1) determine the size, amount, or degree of (something) by comparison with a standard unit. 2) be of (a specified size). 3) (measure out) take an exact quantity of. 4) (measure up) reach the required or expected standard. ► NOUN 1) …   English terms dictionary

  • measure — I noun act, bill, caveat, declaration, decree, dictate, edict, enactment, law, legislation, legislative enactment, legislative mandate, legislative proclamation, mandate, piece of legislation, prescript, prescription, proposal, proposed act,… …   Law dictionary

  • measure — [n1] portion, scope admeasurement, admensuration, allotment, allowance, amount, amplification, amplitude, area, bang, breadth, bulk, capacity, degree, depth, dimension, distance, duration, extent, fix, frequency, height, hit, magnitude, mass,… …   New thesaurus

  • measure up to — measure up (to (someone/something)) to reach a standard that is as good as someone or something else. The math skills of the majority of children in this school measure up to the national standards. Usage notes: often used in a negative way: They …   New idioms dictionary

  • measure up — (to (someone/something)) to reach a standard that is as good as someone or something else. The math skills of the majority of children in this school measure up to the national standards. Usage notes: often used in a negative way: They didn t… …   New idioms dictionary

  • Measure — Meas ure, v. i. 1. To make a measurement or measurements. [1913 Webster] 2. To result, or turn out, on measuring; as, the grain measures well; the pieces measure unequally. [1913 Webster] 3. To be of a certain size or quantity, or to have a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • measure of — To be the (or a) standard by which to judge the quality, etc of ● measure …   Useful english dictionary


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