duty


duty
noun
1 sth that you have to do because it is right or expected
ADJECTIVE
contractual, legal, statutory (esp. BrE)

Retailers have a statutory duty to provide goods suitable for their purpose.

fiduciary

the company's fiduciary duty to its shareholders

constitutional (esp. AmE)
general, primary

the general duty of the police to preserve the peace

professional
civic, public

I feel it is my civic duty to vote.

patriotic
Christian, religious
family, filial, parental
ethical, moral

He felt it was his moral duty to help others.

absolute, bounden (formal), sacred, solemn, sworn

I feel it's my bounden duty to try and help her.

VERB + DUTY
have, owe (law)

You have a legal duty to take reasonable care.

The company owes a duty of care to all its customers.

carry out, do, fulfil/fulfill, meet, perform

I suppose we'd better do our duty and report the accident.

She felt she had fulfilled her duty by providing him with a son.

fail in

He had failed in his duty to his daughter.

breach, violate

She had violated her legal duty of confidentiality.

avoid, neglect, shirk

I'd be shirking my duty if I didn't warn him.

abandon

I can't abandon my duty.

assign, charge sb with, impose

It was a duty imposed by her father.

assume, take on

He took on the duty of maintaining the family home.

DUTY + VERB
call

I wanted to stop and chat, but duty called and I went back to the office.

PREPOSITION
under a/the duty

You are under a statutory duty to keep accurate records.

duty of

It's the duty of each and every one of us to do their best for the team.

They have a duty of confidentiality.

duty to, duty towards/toward

They have a duty to their parents to work hard.

PHRASES
a breach of duty

It was a clear breach of professional duty.

do your duty by sb

You feel that you have to do your duty by your children.

be duty bound to do sth

An employer is not duty bound to provide a reference when an employee leaves.

(above and) beyond the call of duty

The time he put in helping new recruits went beyond the call of duty.

duty done

She put down the phone and went out, her duty done.

feel it your duty to do sth

I felt it my duty to go to the police.

in breach of a duty (formal, esp. BrE)

It was ruled that the injured man was in breach of his duty by not wearing the safety equipment provided.

a sense of duty

I did it out of a sense of duty.

2 tasks that you do when you are at work
ADJECTIVE
light

When I returned to work after my illness I was put on light duties.

onerous (esp. BrE)
day, night

At 10.45 p.m. she reported for night duty.

combat (esp. AmE), escort, guard, occupation (esp. AmE), patrol, peacekeeping, point (BrE), sentry

The troops are here to perform peacekeeping duties.

The traffic lights were not working so there was a policeman on point duty.

active, inactive (in the military)

He's been suspended from active duty.

daily, regular, routine
temporary
full-time, part-time
official
administrative, operational, professional, teaching
domestic, household

My household duties were not particularly onerous.

kitchen

He was was on kitchen duty.

assigned

He was unable to perform his assigned duties because of ill health.

military
jury (esp. AmE)

Several years ago I was called for jury duty.

double (esp. AmE)

The regular presenter does double duty as a staff writer.

VERB + DUTY
have

The members of staff each have their own duties.

pull (AmE, informal)

Sergeant Wilson had pulled parking-lot duty.

see (military)

veterans who saw combat duty in Vietnam

carry out, complete, discharge, do, execute, perform, undertake

She was unable to carry out her duties because she was too ill.

handle (esp. AmE)

The company prefers to handle translation duties in-house.

come on, go on, report for

Colleagues became suspicious when he failed to report for duty.

come off, go off

What time do you go off duty?

avoid, neglect, shirk

He was accused of neglecting his professional duties.

resume, return to

He leaves the hospital tomorrow and is expected to resume his duties at the beginning of next month.

relinquish
be released from

Her son was released from duty in the army to visit her in hospital.

be relieved of, be suspended from

When he failed to turn up for training, he was relieved of his duties as captain.

share, split (esp. AmE)

I share the cooking duties with Bell.

DUTY + VERB
fall to sb

The cleaning duties now fell to Rachel.

DUTY + NOUN
manager (BrE), officer

the supermarket's senior duty manager

He went to the police station and spoke to the duty officer.

doctor, nurse (both esp. BrE)
station (AmE)

The soldier was sent to his new duty station.

assignment (AmE)

He has volunteered for temporary duty assignments in counterterrorist activities.

PREPOSITION
off duty

I'm off duty tomorrow night.

on duty

You're not allowed to drink alcohol on duty.

PHRASES
the execution of your duties, the performance of your duties

The company is liable if you are injured during the execution of your duty.

3 tax
ADJECTIVE
heavy, high

the heavy duty on cigarettes

low
customs (esp. BrE), excise (BrE), export, import

excise duty on spirits

alcohol, fuel, tobacco, etc. (all BrE)

Tobacco duty is a major source of revenue for the government.

death (BrE, old-fashioned)
stamp (= a tax in the UK on some legal documents)

The bank will urge ministers to raise the 1% stamp duty threshold.

… OF DUTY
amount

We tried to estimate the amount of duty we would have to pay.

VERB + DUTY
impose, slap on sb/sth

They are going to slap duty on foreign cars.

increase, put up, raise

They're going to put up the duty on tobacco.

cut, lower, reduce
pay
avoid, evade

They claim that the wine is for personal use and so evade the duty.

be liable to

Perfume is liable to import duty.

be exempt from

Beer for personal use is exempt from duty.

DUTY + VERB
be payable (BrE)

There will also be stamp duty payable at the applicable rate.

PREPOSITION
in duty

By changing its supplier, the company saved thousands of pounds in import duty.

duty on

You have to pay duty on all electrical goods.


Collocations dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • duty — du·ty n pl du·ties [Anglo French deuté indebtedness, obligation, from deu owing, due, from Old French see due] 1: tasks, service, or functions that arise from one s position performing a police officer s duties; also: a period of being on duty… …   Law dictionary

  • Duty — • The definition of the term duty given by lexicographers is: something that is due , obligatory service ; something that one is bound to perform or to avoid Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Duty     Duty …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Duty — Du ty, n.; pl. {Duties}. [From {Due}.] 1. That which is due; payment. [Obs. as signifying a material thing.] [1913 Webster] When thou receivest money for thy labor or ware, thou receivest thy duty. Tyndale. [1913 Webster] 2. That which a person… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • DUTY — DUTY, an action that one is obligated to perform; a feeling, or sense, of obligation. In Judaism man s duties are determined by God s commandments. The entire biblical and rabbinic conception of man s role in the world is subsumed under the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • duty — [do͞ot′ē, dyo͞ot′ē] n. pl. duties [ME duete < Anglo Fr dueté, what is due (owing): see DUE & TY1] 1. the obedience or respect that one should show toward one s parents, older people, etc. 2. conduct based on moral or legal obligation, or a… …   English World dictionary

  • Duty — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Duty Álbum de estudio de Ayumi Hamasaki Publicación …   Wikipedia Español

  • Duty — Album par Ayumi Hamasaki Sortie 27 septembre 2000 Durée 51:45 Genre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • duty — [n1] responsibility, assignment burden, business, calling, charge, chore, commission, commitment, committal, contract, devoir, dues, engagement, function, hook*, job, load, millstone*, minding the store*, mission, must, need, obligation,… …   New thesaurus

  • duty — ► NOUN (pl. duties) 1) a moral or legal obligation. 2) a task required as part of one s job. 3) a payment levied on the import, export, manufacture, or sale of goods. 4) Brit. a payment levied on the transfer of property, for licences, and for… …   English terms dictionary

  • duty — late 13c., from Anglo Fr. duete, from O.Fr. deu due, owed; proper, just, from V.L. *debutus, from L. debitus, pp. of debere to owe (see DEBT (Cf. debt)). Related: Duties. The sense of tax or fee on imports, exports, etc. is from late 15c.; duty… …   Etymology dictionary

  • duty — 1 Obligation Analogous words: responsibility, accountability, amenability, answerability, liability (see corresponding adjectives at RESPONSIBLE) 2 office, *function, province Analogous words: concern, business, *affair 3 *task …   New Dictionary of Synonyms


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